Discovery of Higgs Boson biggest scientific breakthrough of 2012

Saturday, December 22, 2012
[Photo:© 2012 CERN]

London: The discovery of the Higgs boson particle by physicists using the Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland has been rated as the main scientific breakthrough of the year by Science magazine.

The magazine has released the Top 10 scientific discovery of the year 2012 and the discovery of the Higgs Boson was hailed as an 'intellectual, technological and organisational triumph.

In July this year team from the European nuclear research facility at Cern in Geneva announced the detection of a particle that fitted the description of the elusive Higgs.

The discovery of Higgs boson, nicknamed as “God Particles” defines how fundamental particles are able to acquire mass.

Physicists believe that the force of the Big Bang generating the Higgs Boson, which gave rise to the formation of galaxies, stars and planets in the primordial chaos.

Nine other pioneering achievements from 2012 include the genome Denisovskoye human and successful experiments Japanese scientists to grow eggs from stem cells.

Japanese researchers showing that embryonic stem cells from mice could be coaxed into becoming viable egg cells was hailed as another breakthrough.

Curiosity rover's Landing System was also an achievement for the scientific world as mission engineers at the American space agency Nasa safely and precisely placed the Curiosity rover on the surface of Mars.

In another advance, researchers used an X-ray laser, which shines a billion times brighter than traditional synchrotron sources, to determine the structure of an enzyme required by the parasite that causes African sleeping sickness.

The journal has also predicted next year's breakthroughs, which it believes include the most precise map yet of the afterglow of the big bang, the event in which the universe is thought to have been born, and the exploration of a mysterious sub-glacial lake four kilometres beneath the Antarctic ice, which is likely to have been cut off from life on the rest of the planet for millions of years.
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